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Nephrologist Vs Urologist

This comparative analysis between a nephrologist and a urologist mainly covers some important facts about the job description of these professionals.
Rajib Singha
If you are unaware of the difference between nephrologist and urologist, then you are not the only one. Given here is the job description of a nephrologist and a urologist.

Difference Between Urologist and Nephrologist

Nephrologist Job Description

  • The term 'nephrologist' refers to a medical professional who deals with various kinds of kidney diseases and disorders.
  • He/she is responsible for managing dialysis centers and programs.
  • A nephrologist is not a surgeon, and cannot perform surgical procedures.
  • Any disease of the kidney tends to affect the entire body. This is the reason why, this professional is also trained to deal with other aspects of internal medicine. Also, he/she has knowledge about the effects of kidney diseases, on other organs of the body.
  • Very few people are aware of the fact that there are specialized pediatric nephrologists. As the name suggests, these medical experts deal exclusively with kidney disorders or diseases in children.
Common diseases which are dealt by this medical professional include:
  • Chronic kidney disease (CKD)
  • Urinary tract infection (chronic)
  • Kidney failure (acute)
  • High blood pressure
  • Imbalance of the electrolytes in the body

Urologist Job Description

  • A urologist specializes in conditions that affect the urinary tract of the body, as well as the reproductive system of males.
Common disorders because of which people are recommended to see this medical expert include:
  • Adrenal problems
  • Anatomical defect of the kidneys
  • Diseases of the ureters
  • Urinary bladder problems
  • Urethra disorders
  • Ailments of the male reproductive organs which encompass the testicles, vas deferens, prostate gland, penis, etc.
Because the platform of urology involves the study of many organs, there are different types of urologist. These may include:
  • Pediatric urologist (deals with disorders in children)
  • Andrologist (deals with male reproductive system)
  • Endourologist (deals with surgical procedures that require minimum invasive procedures)
  • Neurourologist (neurological disorders)
  • Female urologist (takes care of urinary disorders of females)
  • Reconstructive urologist (helps in treating the lost functionality of genito-urinary tract)
  • Urologic oncologist (treats cancer of certain parts of the urinary system, with the aid of surgery)
  • Laparoscopist (is involved in replacement for open surgical procedures)
Nephrology and urology share certain common aspects between them, and may sometimes work in collaboration on the same case.